Folk Craft Items - Marquetry in Hakone

Hatajuku Yosegi Kaikan (Wooden Craft Hall)
Traditional wooden works of Hakone-Zaiku marquetry, which have thrived in Hatajuku since the Edo period are displayed and sold here.  You can see a demonstration of the Hakone-Zaiku marquetry manufacturing process.  You can try to make Yosegi coasters with materials prepared under the polite guidance of Yosegi craftsmen.  (The process is only pasting and polishing and is completely safe.)  Advanced reservation will be required.

Hakone-Zaiku Marquetry, Traditional Craft
Hakone-Zaiku marquetry was first created in the early Heian period.  During the Edo period the industry thrived, offering secondary jobs for many Kagokaki, and started being sold at Chaya (tea shops).  There are two types of Hakone-Zaiku marquetry, Hikimono and Sashimono.
Hikimono, produced using a potter's wheel, includes various products including bowls, and since the Edo period, Hikimono toys have been produced.  Sashimono, mainly boxes, are decorated on the surface with Yosegi-Zaiku Marquetry or Zougan-Zaiku wooden mosaic.
Yosegi-Zaiku marquetry is carried out according to the following process: first timbers with natural colours are collected (and sometimes coloured), then they are shaved with a plane (the thin shaved wood is called juku) and made into mosaic-patterned wood.  Finally the thin paper-like wood is stuck on craftwork. Zougan-Zaiku is made by the following process: timbers in various colours are set in a board, making the board look like a picture.  This is also called Mokukga.  Like in Yosegi-Zaiku marquetry, or the thin paper-like woodcraft (Zuku), they are stuck on the craftwork.

Zougan-Zaiku Marquetry (Wooden Mosaics)
Zougan-Zaiku marquetry wooden mosaics are made by setting patterns of landscapes and characters created by natural wood colours, which are cut out from wood materials, in a main board. Each pattern was once created with a needle and chisel, but in 1889, Sengoku Shirakawa, who was a Yumoto Chaya (tea shop) owner, used a sewing machine imported from Germany with an attachment that successfully processed patterns with various designs.  This method has made all precision marquetry possible, and the expression of Zougan-Zaiku marquetry wooden mosaics has consequently improved.

Junitamag and Sanjurokutamag
Hikimono-Zaiku Marquetry
Junitamago (twelve eggs) started being sold as hot spring souvenirs by a Yumoto tea shop owner named Kameyoshi Shikoya in 1844. They are wooden toys in which smaller eggs decreasing in size are contained within each other, with 12 eggs altogether.  More advanced skill is needed to create Sanjurokutamago which is comprised of 36 eggs.

Moku-Zougan (Marquetry)
Moku-Zougan (marquetry) design is arranged by piecing together various types of wood to form a picture or a design.  Moku-Zougan handiwork has been passed down from the Edo period, and over the years, craftsmen using this technique have continued to make improvements to perfect the technique to what it is today.  Please enjoy this traditional art, created only from natural wood.

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1320 Gora, Hakone-Machi, Ashigarashimogun, Kanagawa, Japan, 250-0408

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